VET is being promoted by various incentives and reforms at the last 15 years triggering by EU pre-accession term in Turkey. MEGEP (a project ended 2006) is the largest motivation still and so far. Turkish mainstream VET is given formerly at the vocational and technical high schools for 4 years. In first 3 years, all education courses (vocational and general) are delivered at the school and in the last year, student goes on the school for 2 days and for 3 days on workplace. After graduation, students can go to higher education or start working. Most of the students start looking for a job, just because they can’t go further academically.
The second stream for student lay through apprenticeship programs. Since high schools has been made obligatory from 2013, impermanent (on formal education) students have to be enrolled to VET open-learning or general open-learning system. In VET open-learning, general courses are delivered via open-sources, while VET courses are at the school mostly evenings and weekends. In this way, a student can obtain same diploma with formal VET system. If student is enrolled to general open-learning system, he/she can also go on apprenticeship program together. After finish apprenticeship program students obtain semiskilled or craft mastership certificate.
Turkish VET from adult pattern
An adult can go on directly apprenticeship at any age if he/she has primary education diploma. In apprenticeship system, a student or adult takes formal training for 1 day a week in centre (adult education centre or vocational education centre, not a vocational school), for 4 days goes on workplace. After 3 years he/she can obtain semiskilled certificate. After this stage he/she goes on only workplace. After 3 years he/she can obtain craft-mastership certificate. To reach mastership degree lasts 6 years.
Apprenticeship certificates are acceptable at level 2 and level 3 in Turkish Qualification Framework (TQF). TQF is not functioned in VET education delivered by state.
All VET courses which are officially recognized are delivered by the state.
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